Dr. Mulligan is examining the use of soybean oil as an alternative fuel source for the common mining explosive ANFO. The soybean oil explosive has been dubbed ANSOY. The study examines how ANSOY performs relative to ANFO in cost, mining applications, and its effects on the environment. The mining industry uses approximately 3.5 billion pounds of ANFO annually. With 6 percent of ANFO being made from diesel (30 million gallons), there is potentially significant economic benefits to the Missouri Soybean industry, cost savings to the mining industry, and reduced environmental effects.